As a matter of fact and history, it was during the ’60s under the presidency of Fidel Castro that homosexuals were confined in re-education camps in order to ‘’turn their desires and sexual orientation’’ back to where ‘’it was supposed to be’’. This is why Cubans are now looking forward to this change in the Carta Magna...because they know it is the first step towards a more equal -yet diverse - society.
And even though chances are looking good, Cuba still remains a very patriarchal society with a ‘’macho’’ mindset. So, changes must be made within the core of the community if they want a real change, however, Cuban LGBTI’s activists are finding this as the most difficult task to do because of the strong campaign against same-sex marriages that some churches are taking forward.
So, what happens after they change the Constitution? Cuban’s government will have to modify the family and civil code in order to introduce changes in adoption, making it available for same-sex couples as well. They will also have to change the assisted reproduction methods they provide while accommodating gender identity according to what the individual expresses. Cuba’s penal code will also have to be changed in order to penalize gender discrimination and hate crimes that are too often committed against members of the LGBTI community. In other words, Cubans will have to exorcise old the old demons of homophobia and transphobia, if they really want to see a change in their communities.
There has been, however, some religious’ activists that want the State to back off and down from the proposed changes to the Constitution. They specifically ask for the State to encourage the patriarchal heterosexual and monogamous couple, because they are seen as a ‘’natural’’ foundation of procreation. These activists are claiming they will abstain from voting because they simply do not believe in equality of all human beings.
So, and even though more and more LGBTI’s activists are coming forward and raising their voices all throughout Cuba, the colours of the rainbow are still waiting to be spread out in more areas in this tiny island. They have a tough task ahead: the LGBTI’s community has to fight the Catholic Church’s old views that have been told throughout the years and that represent an old way of thinking where opposition to gay marriage is the norm and where the gender ideology is almost non-existent.
It is a difficult task, no doubt, we only hope Cubans who are still not 100% sure about voting in favour of this change of the Constitution change their minds in order to vote for something that will not even have had to be illegal in the first place.