by Eugenia Tovar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

by Eugenia Tovar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Uruguay is the first South American country to have an Integral Law for Trans Persons.

04 Jan, 2019

by Eugenia Tovar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies approved the Integral Law for Trans Persons, with the aim of reversing the mechanisms of discrimination and advancing in the guarantee of rights for this population.

After a night of deliberations, the Uruguayan Parliament approved on October 19, 2018, a "Comprehensive Law for Trans Persons", which promotes gender equality and combats discrimination, establishes mechanisms for identity change and includes an economic reparation for transgender people. they were victims of institutional violence.

These measures are intended to integrate them into all areas of those that have historically been excluded: social, educational, cultural, economic, labour, health, etc.

Economic Compensation
According to the National Trans Persons Census, conducted by the Ministry of Social Development and the University of the Republic, there are 853 trans people in Uruguay. And they are the most vulnerable population in the country because they are a product of discrimination and violence - the life expectancy of these people is below 40 years.

For the first time in the region, the country will grant economic compensation to some fifty trans women who were victims of repression and harassment of state agents since the beginning of the dictatorship, in 1973, and until 1989. But in addition, the law contemplates the welfare of the trans community in a broad way, with measures that consider their legal identity, their physical and mental health and their inclusion in the labour market.

Health and Trans People

The new norm expressly prohibits health institutions from undermining care and seeks to eradicate discrimination in medical practices.

The health risks for the trans community are numerous. A quarter has injected substances to modify its appearance. Among them industrial oil, which is extremely harmful.

Health care providers will not make cosmetic changes, but they will control hormone treatment and perform surgeries. The public health system has protocols for hormones, but LGBT organizations denounce that private parties often deny or delay the procedure.

The content of the Law

Visibility. It incorporates "gender identity" as a variable in all official statistical information systems. This includes the Census, the Continuous Household Survey, the reports of the National Office of the Civil Service and all public measurements that reveal the variable "sex".

Adaptation of name and/or sex in identity documents. The change of name and registered sex goes from being a judicial proceeding to an administrative procedure.

Education. The education system -in all its levels- will be inclusive for trans people. Specific alternatives will be developed for cases in which there are difficulties in the access for the permanence of trans people in the education system. Educational institutions must ensure that trans people are not excluded because of their identity. They must also provide psychological, pedagogical, social and economic support, if necessary so that they can realize their educational trajectory.

Scholarships and student supports. 2% of the quotas are for trans people.

Work. 1% of work quota for trans people in the so-called public. They will be occupied by people who meet the requirements to access them and will be assigned by a contest.

This is the type of Laws we would like to see being implemented in all of South America, and of course, in all of the world. Discrimination towards the LGBT community must stop now, but this will only happen once the States and its governments start acting accordingly.