Since the start of campaign season several candidates have declared they were not supported by gays and one insulted an opponent by calling him gay, local LGBT+ activists said.
“Every time there’s an electoral campaign in Senegal it is a problem for the LGBT community,” said Djamil Bangoura, head of the Senegalese LGBT+ support group Association Prudence.
“Candidates want to show they’re against it to ensure the vote of religious communities,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Senegal is more than 90 percent Muslim and many of its religious leaders preach against homosexuality, although the country is broadly known for religious tolerance.
President Macky Sall will run for re-election against four other candidates on Sunday with pledges to bring the country “into modernity” with new infrastructure and technology.
The state criminalizes “unnatural acts” which often translates into persecution of gays, human rights groups say. But the law is vague and some people fear a more extreme president could criminalize homosexuality outright.
“Right now I’m really scared because I’ve heard that (Ousmane) Sonko is very Muslim, that he doesn’t want gays,” said Abdou, a young gay man in Dakar whose name has been changed for his safety, referring to one of the presidential candidates.
Sonko is a political rookie popular among Senegalese youth. His spokesman could not immediately be reached for comment.
Another LGBT+ activist said the effects of the electoral period were not yet visible, but that the community was tense.
“It’s mainly fears about security and the evolution of discriminatory laws,” said Pape, 30, who also asked that his name be changed.
“Politicians know that when they talk about gays, people will read about it and get emotional,” he said.